Tough plants for Coastal gardens

October 30, 2019

 

Plants in coastal gardens need to be tough!

 

They have to withstand seasonal gale-force winds, resist the damage caused by salt-laden breezes and  grow in sandy soils.

Plants selected for gardens at holiday homes also need to be able to endure periods with little water.

 

Sounds like a tall order?

...Luckily there are attractive plants which fit the bill; pick the right ones and you’re sure to have success!

 

(Photo: Alan Rudnicki)

*Strelitzia reginae

 

(Photo shared from i.pinimg.com, Veronica Navallez-Guaracha)

*Salvia leucantha & Agave attenuata

 

 

 

IDEAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR COASTAL PLANTS:

 

 

*Tough, leathery grey leaves

that reflect the heat and often have a protective covering of hairs.

 

 *coastal silver oak (Brachylaena discolor)

(Photo shared from cjmgrowers.co.za)

 

 *Arctotis sp.

(Photo shared from 1.bp.blogspot.com)

 

 *mock olive (Buddleia saligna)

(Photo shared from smmflowers.org)

 

 

*Leaves with hairs

slows down air movement past the stomata, which reduces water loss.

 

 *lamb's ear (Stachys)

(Photo shared from The herb gardener)

 

 *beach sage (Salvia africana-lutea)

(Photo shared from witbos.co.za)

 

 *kooigoed (Helichrysum petiolare)

(Photo shared from pza.sanbi.org)

 

 

*Leaves with a shiny or waxy coating

that reflect the sun, reduce surface evaporation and deflect salt.

 

*white milkwood (Sideroxylon inerme)

(Photo shared from plantinfo.co.za)

 

 *mirror plant (Coprosma)

(Photo shared from www.flickr.com, photo: tesselaarusa)

 

 *num-num (Carissa macrocarpa)

(Photo shared from Aliaa Shemari on Pinterest)

 

 *pig's ear / plakkie (Cotyledon orbiculata)

(Photo shared from www.anniesannuals.com)

 

 *aloe / aalwyn (Aloe sp.)

(Photo shared from The Gardener magazine)

 

 *indian hawthorn (Raphiolepis sp.)

(Photo shared from plantinfo.co.za)

                                                                                              

 

*Tiny needle-like leaves

whose leaves roll up to reduce evaporation.

 

 *buchu (Agathosma sp.)

(Photo shared from briefly.co.za)

 

 *confetti bush (Coleonema sp.)

(Photo shared from whitelotusaromatics.com)

 

 *rosemary (Rosmarinus sp.)

(Photo shared from www.gardenersworld.com)

 

 *Erica sp.

(Photo shared form Arnelia)

 

 

*Succulents

store water in thick fleshy leaves: 

 

 *rock rose (Echeveria sp.)

(Photo: Cape Garden)

 

 *Crassula sp.

(Photo shared from Plant lust)

 

 *vygies (eg. Lampranthus sp.)

(Photo shared from anniesannuals.com)

 

 

*Plants with lighter leaves on one side

to turn the lighter side upwards to reflect the sun away – when stressed.

 

 *wild olive (Olea europaea) 

(Photo shared from kinarino.jp)

 

*Gazania sp.

(Photo shared from bhg.com)

 

              

*Buddleja sp.

(Photo shared from www.jennydeanwildflowers.co.za)

 

                                                       

*Plants with a strong internal skeleton

support the leaf and prevents wilting during dry spells.

 

*thatching reed (Elegia tectorum)

(Photo shared from www.emerisa.com)

 

 *crane flower (Strelitzia reginae)

(Photo shared from @yublueforest on Instagram)

 

 

*Agave sp.

(Photo: Cape Garden)

 

 

Happy Coastal Gardening!

 

 

 

 

 

 

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